Oracle VM Server for SPARC Physical-to-Virtual: Conversion of Physical Systems to LDOM in Clustered Control Domains

In my previous post, i detailed the configuration of Sun LDOMs (now called Oracle VM for SPARC) as failover guest domains. In this post, I’m going to describe the migration of some physical Servers (running Solaris 10) in the Clustered Control Domains configured previously. In order to achieve such migrations, i used Oracle VM Server for SPARC P2V tool (ldmp2v). 
The Oracle VM Server for SPARC P2V Tool automatically converts an existing physical system to a virtual system that runs in a logical domain on a chip multithreading (CMT) system. The source system can be any of the following:
  •  Any sun4u SPARC based system that runs at least the Solaris 8 OS
  •  Any sun4v system that runs the Oracle Solaris 10 OS, but does not run in a logical domain

The Migration of Physical Systems to Clustered Control Domains is performed trough 04 steps which are described below: Phases: Collection --> Preparation --> Conversion --> Clustering

Collection Phase:

During the collection phase, we’ll perform the Backup and Archiving of the Source System. For this step, we’ve decided to separate the collection of System Image and the collection of Database Data Backup. 
The Collection of the System Image is performed trough the ldmp2v tool. The Oracle VM Server for SPARC P2V Tool package must be installed and configured only on the control domain of the target system. It's not needed to be installed on the source system. Instead, the /usr/sbin/ldmp2v script was copied from the target system to the source system. Ldmp2v command creates a backup of all mounted UFS file systems, except the one excluded by option –x. Below are the commands to run on the Source System (The System we're migrating). 

/*Archive_System is a NFS server*/
# mount Archive_System:/share /mnt  
# mkdir /mnt/$(hostname)

Start the Collection Phase (/data here contains Database's Data Files, so this FS was excluded and will be restored separately).

/*Backup of System using ldmp2v*/
# ldmp2v collect -d /mnt/$(hostname) –x /data
/*Backup of Database's Data File*/
# tar cvf /mnt/data.tar /data/*             

Preparation Phase:

This phase will take place on one of the target Control Domain (Only on one Control Domain). The aim here is to create the target system according to the collect phase. 

1. Create the Zpool which will serve as Receptacle for the Guest Domain

We've identified the Did device which will be used to create the Zpool (d11) and format this device by allocating the entire space of the Device to the slice 6.

# zpool create zpool_system1 /dev/did/dsk/d11s6

2. Create the Server Resource Group Cluster for this Server  and add in your Zpool as a resource group

# clrg create –n node1,node2 system1-rg
# clrs create -g system1-rg -t HAStoragePlus  -p Zpools=zpool_system1 system1-fs-rs
# clrg online -M system1-rg
# zpool list
 rpool                278G  12.8G   265G     4%  ONLINE  -
 zpool_system1 99.5G  79.5K  99.5G    0%  ONLINE  /

3. Create the /etc/ldmp2v.conf file and configure the following properties

# cat /etc/ldmp2v.conf 

4. Start the Restoration

The file system image is restored to one or more virtual disks.

# mount Archive_System:/share /mnt
# ldmp2v prepare -vvv -b file -d /mnt/system1 -m /:15g system1
Available VCPUs: 234
Available memory: 218624 MB
Creating vdisks ...
Resizing partitions ...
Resize /
Partition(s) on disk /dev/dsk/c1t0d0 were resized, adjusting disksize ...
Creating vdisk system1-disk0 ...
Creating volume system1-vol0@primary-vds0 (75653 MB)...
Creating file //zpool_system1//system1/disk0 ...
Creating VTOC on /dev/rdsk/c6d0s2 (disk0) ...
Creating file systems ...
Creating UFS file system on /dev/rdsk/c6d0s0 ...
Creating UFS file system on /dev/rdsk/c6d0s4 ...
Creating UFS file system on /dev/rdsk/c6d0s6 ...
Creating UFS file system on /dev/rdsk/c6d0s5 ...
Creating UFS file system on /dev/rdsk/c6d0s3 ...
Populating file systems ...
Mounting /var/run/ldmp2v/system1 ...
Mounting /var/run/ldmp2v/system1/app ...
Mounting /var/run/ldmp2v/system1/export/home ...
Mounting /var/run/ldmp2v/system1/opt ...
Mounting /var/run/ldmp2v/system1/var ...
Extracting Flash archive /mnt/system1/system1.flar to /var/run/ldmp2v/system1 ...
41999934 blocks
Modifying guest OS image ...
Modifying SVM configuration ...
Modifying /etc/vfstab ...
Modifying network interfaces ...
Modifying /devices ...
Modifying /dev ...
Creating disk device links ...
Cleaning /var/fm/fmd ...
Modifying platform specific services ...
Modifying /etc/path_to_inst ...
Unmounting file systems ...
Unmounting /var/run/ldmp2v/system1/var ...
Unmounting /var/run/ldmp2v/system1/opt ...
Unmounting /var/run/ldmp2v/system1/export/home ...
Unmounting /var/run/ldmp2v/system1/app ...
Unmounting /var/run/ldmp2v/system1 ...
Creating domain ...
Attaching vdisks to domain system1 ...
Attaching volume system1-vol0@primary-vds0 as vdisk disk0 ...
Setting boot-device to disk0:a

Conversion Phase:

During the conversion phase, the logical domain uses the Solaris upgrade process to upgrade to the Oracle Solaris 10 OS. The upgrade operation removes all existing packages and installs the Oracle Solaris 10 sun4v packages, which automatically performs a sun4u-to-sun4v conversion.The convert phase can use an Oracle Solaris DVD ISO image or a network installation image. Here we used DVD ISO Image.
Before starting the conversion, it's better to stop the source system (prevents duplicate IP addresses).

# ldmp2v convert -i /export/home/ldoms/iso/sol-10-u9-ga-sparc-dvd.iso  -d /mnt/system1/ -v system1
LDom system1 started
Waiting for Solaris to come up ...
ldmp2v: ERROR: Timeout waiting for Solaris to come up. 
The Solaris install image /export/home/ldoms/iso/sol-10-u9-ga-sparc-dvd.iso cannot be booted.

For unknown reasons, i got the error highlighted above (Maybe the timeout specified in ldmp2v.conf was too short). Nevertheless the error could be ignored because the OS started. That could be checked by running ldm ls and telnet to the console (see below).

# ldm ls
primary          active     -n-cv-  SP      16    32992M   3.5%  16d 21h 18m
system1          active     -t----  5000    2     8G        50%  19s

# telnet localhost 5002
Connected to localhost.
Escape character is '^]'.

Connecting to console "system1" in group "system1" ....
Press ~? for control options ..
/ - \ | / - \ | / - \ | / - \ | / - \ | / - \ | / - \ | / - \ | / - Skipped interface vnet0
Reading ZFS config: * done.
Setting up Java. Please wait...
Serial console, reverting to text install
Beginning system identification...
Searching for configuration file(s)...
Search complete.
Discovering additional network configuration...

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Note – The answers to the sysid questions are only used for the duration of the upgrade process. This data is not applied to the existing OS image on disk. The fastest and simplest way to run the conversion is to select Non-networked. The root password that you specify does not need to match the root password of the source system. The system's original identity is preserved by the upgrade and takes effect after the post-upgrade reboot. The time required to perform the upgrade depends on the Oracle Solaris Cluster that is installed on the original system.

- Solaris Interactive Installation --------------------------------------------
This system is upgradable, so there are two ways to install the Solaris
The Upgrade option updates the Solaris software to the new release, saving
as many modifications to the previous version of Solaris software as
possible. Back up the system before using the Upgrade option.
The Initial option overwrites the system disks with the new version of
Solaris software. This option allows you to preserve any existing file
systems. Back up any modifications made to the previous version of Solaris
software before starting the Initial option.
After you select an option and complete the tasks that follow, a summary of
your actions will be displayed.
F2_Upgrade F3_Go Back F4_Initial F5_Exit F6_Help

Clustering Phase:

During the Clustering Phase, we'll configure the Control Domain of the others Clusters Nodes. As described in my previous post, both Control Domain should have the same services configured.
The Vswitch and VdiskServer was created during the installation/configuration of Control Domains. So, the first thing to do at this stage is to switch-over the Resource Group which contains the zpool and create the vds-dev required by the others System Controllers Nodes.
On Node which owned both the zpool and the ldom system1, stop the domain and perform the switchover of the zpool.

Node 1:

# zpool list
rpool            278G  12.8G   265G     4%  ONLINE  -
zpool_system1    99.5G  79.5K  99.5G    0%  ONLINE  /
# ldm ls
primary          active     -n-cv-  SP      16    32992M   2.9%  17d 3h 37m
system1          active     -n----  5002    2     8G       1.9%  2h 35m
# ldm stop system1
# ldm ls -l primary
primary          active     -n-cv-  SP      16    32992M   3.6%  17d 4h 26m

Solaris running

    NAME             VOLUME         OPTIONS          MPGROUP        DEVICE
    primary-vds0    system1-vol0                            //zpool_system1//system1/disk0
                    system1-solarisdvd      ro         /export/.../sol-10-u9-ga-sparc-dvd.iso
# clrg switch -n node2 system1-rg

Node 2:

# zpool list
rpool            278G  12.8G   265G     4%  ONLINE  -
zpool_system1    99.5G  79.5K  99.5G    0%  ONLINE  /
# ldm add-vdsdev //zpool_system1//system1/disk0 itsmserver-vol0@primary-vds0
# ldm add-vdsdev options=ro /export/home/ldoms/iso/sol-10-u9-ga-sparc-dvd.iso \
# ldm ls -l primary
primary          active     -n-cv-  SP      16    32992M   3.6%  17d 4h 26m

Solaris running

    NAME             VOLUME         OPTIONS          MPGROUP        DEVICE
    primary-vds0    system1-vol0                          //zpool_system1//system1/disk0
                  system1-solarisdvd       ro               /export/.../sol-10-u9-ga-sparc-dvd.iso
# clrg switch -n node1 system1-rg

It's now time to create the SUNW.LDOM Service, this service will automate the failure detection in hardware and software so that LDOM can be started on another cluster node without human intervention.

clrs create –g system1-rg –t SUNW.ldom  –p Domain_name=system1 \
-p password_file=/migrate/noninteractive \
-p Resource_dependencies=system1-fs-rs \
–p Migration_type=NORMAL system1-ldom-rs

The parameters provided were explained in my previous post
Here we are, the Migrated System is up and running in the Clustered System Controller.
A failover could be initiated by running "clrg switch -n nodex system1-rg" , but keep in mind that Migration Type was set to NORMAL. It means that the LDOM Guest OS must be down (at OBP, don't stop because the SUNW.LDOM agent will restart if you do so) when a failover is initiated. 

Oracle Solaris Cluster Essentials, 2010, Prentice Hall


  1. Steve, very good practical example. I will use this, thank you.

  2. Steve,very good Doc

    thank you vey much


  3. I want to do P2V for approx 4 servers and all these 4 servers will be on one Target T5-2 Server.
    What changes I have to do in /etc/ldmp2v.conf ?
    And Solaris ISO is required in conversion phase ?

    1. For the Solaris ISO, you should keep in mind that there's a need to convert the non-virtual architecture (sun4u) to a virtual one (sun4v). So the answer is you need a way to perform that upgrade (ISO/DVD is the simplest one...)
      The changes in ldmp2v.conf are mostly related to the target environment (how you want the created ldom to be configured...)

    2. what i have to specify in /etc/ldmp2v.conf file if i am using raw disk (LUN) instead of zpool/zvol.
      And for one server I am getting bellow error

      $sudo ldmp2v collect -d /data1/ -x /data1 -x /redsbin -x /nsm -x /data -x /data2 -x /data3
      Collecting system configuration ...
      Cannot determine disk slice for VxVM volume rootvol.
      ldmp2v: this system can not be converted because the device for / cannot be determined.

    3. Hi Harish,

      If you're planning to use raw disk instead of zpool/zvol, the I think you should have disk as BACKEND_TYPE and adjust BACKEND_PREFIX to match your physical disk or LUN, (specify the back-end device as slice 2 of the block or character device of the disk, such as /dev/dsk/c0t3d0s2 - https://docs.oracle.com/cd/E35434_01/html/E23807/backenddevices.html-)

      So, you should have something like:


      For the VxVM rootvol, I'm not really sure that Veritas Volumes are supported...

  4. Great work Steve, your blog hits are high on this migration tool.

    1. Thanks, really appreciate that comment

    2. Yes, it is really good, with this blog i did almost 37 p2v